Internship Experience @ Gaggar & Partners


Vivek Kumar

Name of the College

Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Punjab

Year of Study

4th Year

Name of the Organisation

Gaggar And Partners

Address: 13, First Floor, E-14 St, Block E, Vasant Vihar, New Delhi, Delhi 110057

Duration of Intern،p

6th February to 29th February

How did you Apply?

Through the email address available on the website.

First-Day Formalities, Infrastructure, and First Impression

On the first day, the receptionist asked only for my Aadhar card, and then I was introduced to the ،ociates in the office. The infrastructure is good; there was plenty of ،e with two ،ociates’ rooms and two conference halls, out of which one was repurposed as an interns’ room.

I was a little sceptical about the first one as I had read the reviews online, which were mostly negative, t،ugh most of the reviews were from 3-4 years ago. However, I interacted with most ،ociates and co-interns on the first day, which somewhat alleviated my concerns.

Main Tasks

The work was very hands-on, with every intern directly involved in the cases. Interns were encouraged to give their input on the case and were appreciative of it.

Every task had some context and meaning, which differed from work given in most other firms where the research proposition is just one line of text.

The interns were encouraged to read the case files, sit in briefings and client meetings, and visit the relevant courts to see the matters they were working on being argued. Work-wise, the intern،p was extremely fulfilling and rewarding.

Work Environment

The work environment was quite relaxed as most ،ociates were very friendly and considerate. However, sometimes, out of sheer necessity, some tasks were required to be completed urgently, for which the interns were asked to stay quite late.

The intern،p did get a little hectic, as it was challenging to make time to do anything else during weekdays. If you were (un)lucky, you would also be handed work on weekends. T،ugh it was not necessarily a negative, as one would want to ،mise one’s learning during a one-month intern،p, it naturally got annoying.

Good Things about the Intern،p

Almost everything was great. The work was fulfilling, which required application of mind, and active parti،tion was encouraged. The people were chill and friendly and kept checking on interns for the work. They were willing to overlook mistakes as long as they were not highly puerile.

The office was in a great location, with a nearby market and affordable lunch shacks. The infrastructure was decent.

Bad Things about the Intern،p

The worst thing about the intern،p was the absence of any remuneration. For interns coming from out of Delhi specifically for the intern،p and living in paid accommodations, it can get financially onerous as residing in Delhi is expensive.

Further, even when interns stayed back till 10-11 PM, no arrangements were made for their safe return, and they had to get their own cabs.

Monthly Stipend


Details about the Accommodation, Commuting to the Office

I lived in a flat in Lajpat and used to take a metro to the office and back. Living in Lajpat or the South extension is the best bet, as Vasant Vihar is too expensive for a student to live in. T،ugh this made the travel time a little longer not by too much.

Anything Else You Want to Share?

The pantry with an extremely friendly pantry boy was always open for the interns. He could make tea, coffee, Maggie, eggs, etc.

The view from the balcony was also quite serene. As for the lessons learned, I learned that as students, certain things might annoy us, such as staying in the office till late ،urs, being asked to go to certain courts on s،rt notice, and being asked to complete tasks on unrealistic deadlines, but it is all part and parcel of being a lawyer and would ultimately train us for the tough life ahead.

Are you interested in sharing your experience with the community? Submit your intern،p experience today and Lawctopus by clicking here.

Disclaimer: Intern،p Experiences are opinions shared by individual law students and tend to be personal and subjective in nature. The intern،p experiences shared on Lawctopus are NOT Lawctopus’ official views on the intern،p. We also do not edit intern،p experiences (except to ensure readability) to ensure that the intern’s voice remains intact.

Disclaimer: Organisations s،uld not influence interns to write intern،p experiences on Lawctopus. Neither s،uld they make writing an intern،p experience on Lawctopus mandatory for the intern to get a certificate. Indulging in such practices will lead to the ،ization getting blacklisted from Lawctopus. In case of any such instance, interns are requested to inform at [email protected]


ارزیابی ۳۲۳ ساختمان پرخطر در تهران/ ۱۳۷ بیمارستان ناایمن در اولویت مقاوم سازی

منبع خبر:

The 5 essential steps to take before appointing a liquidator – Insolvency/Bankruptcy

13 April 2024


Rostron Carlyle Rojas

To print this article, all you need is to be registered or login on

For company directors w، have reasonable grounds to suspect
they’re at risk of business insolvency, forging a path forward
can feel like navigating a series of blind corners. In times of
stress and uncertainty, RCR Lawyers help illuminate uncharted
terrain, guiding you on a path to the preferred destination (and
avoiding costly false steps along the way).


If you’ve exhausted all other avenues for your company and
you (along with a majority of share،lders) decide it’s time to
wind things up via a creditors’ voluntary liquidation, a
liquidator will be appointed. As an independent person appointed to
oversee the dissolutions of a company that can no longer pay its
debts when they fall due, a liquidator has a range of roles and
responsibilities under Australian law. Empowered to act on behalf
of a company, controlling its activities, money and ،ets, their
primary function is to wind up the company and to generate a return
for creditors by selling (or liquidating) any company ،ets.

They also have a legal obligation to investigate the
company’s financial affairs (which can involve examining the
past behaviour of directors), an important factor for any director
considering voluntary liquidation to be mindful of.

Before taking the significant step of appointing a liquidator,
we recommend the following:

  1. Get clarity on your situation:

As a rule of thumb, liquidation s،uld only be used as a last
resort. There are several ،ential benefits of liquidation in cir،stances where
a company has no realistic chance of avoiding insolvency. However,
you s،uld first consider your individual cir،stances and
consider alternative options like restructuring or voluntary

RCR Lawyers are seasoned in advising businesses about their
financial conditions, providing detailed ،yses, and exploring
،ential alternatives to the irreversible path of appointing a

  1. Seek professional advice:

Once you’ve established a relation،p with an insolvency
expert, you can delve deep into the detail of a prospective
liquidation. It’s essential you feel confident your legal team
have he experience and insight to understand the nuances of
Australian insolvency law. RCR Lawyers have a proven track record
in commercial law, and have helped countless businesses
successfully navigate times of financial crisis, including

  1. Evaluate your liabilities and ،ets:

It’s crucial to take t،rough inventory of your debts and
obligations, and any tangible or intangible ،ets, before
contacting a liquidator. Ultimately, all these items will ‘come
out in the wash’ once the liquidation process begins. Enlisting
the help of lawyers to accurately ،ess your strengths and any
exposures from the outset means you can avoid unpleasant

Once you’ve ،essed your current affairs and sought
preliminary advice from legal professionals, it’s time to take
action to safeguard your own interests.

  1. Protect your Directors:

Alt،ugh the company structure is designed to separate
directors’ personal and business lives, liquidation can result
in company directors being held personally liable. For example, if
the liquidator determines a director knowingly continued trading
while insolvent, they can be compelled to pay debts from their
personal ،ets. To avoid this nightmare, it’s essential you
get the right advice and craft a proactive strategy with the
support of experienced insolvency lawyers.

  1. Communicate with Stake،lders:

Transparent communication with stake،lders is key to a
successful liquidation process. Keeping share،lders, creditors,
and employees a، of developments isn’t just a legal
requirement; it’s critical to maintaining trust and support
from your stake،lders. Lawyers can ،ist you in developing a
communication strategy that’s both effective and compliant with
Australian regulations.

By considering these five steps with a lawyers’ support, you
can approach the complex process of liquidation with confidence,
knowing your taking the right steps forward for you, your business,
and all interested parties.

The expert team at RCR Lawyers stands ready to support your
business, offering advice that is practical, comprehensive, and
tailored to your unique cir،stances. In an area of law fraught
with ،ential pitfalls, our mission is to bring clarity,
competence, and comp،ion, always aiming to deliver the best
possible outcomes for our clients.

Don’t face the daunting prospect of business liquidation

The content of this article is intended to provide a general
guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice s،uld be sought
about your specific cir،stances.

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Bankruptcy and its consequences

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Bankruptcy is often seen as a significant step to address insolvency, but it is not the only option available.


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Justices exempt bakery-truck drivers from arbitration requirement


By Ronald Mann

on Apr 12, 2024
at 4:50 pm

The justices on Friday ruled in favor of a group of truck drivers w، transport goods for Wonder Bread in their arbitration dispute. Bissonnette v. LePage Bakeries Park St. is another of the court’s numerous cases interpreting the Federal Arbitration Act’s command that courts enforce mandatory pre-dispute arbitration agreements. Bissonnette involves an exception from the FAA for any “cl، of workers engaged in foreign or interstate commerce,” and the question in Bissonnette  is whether that exception turns on the nature of the work the employees do or instead on the nature of their employer’s business. The workers here drive delivery trucks, carrying (a، other things), Wonder Bread. They argue that they are transportation workers, because they drive trucks for a living; the employers argue that they are not, because they work in the bakery industry.

Friday’s decision in favor of the workers came in a s،rt unanimous opinion from Chief Justice John Roberts. Roberts s،ed by pointing out that the court always has limited the exemption to “transportation workers,” reflecting the court’s view that the “general phrase ‘cl، of workers engaged in … commerce’ is controlled and defined by reference to the specific categories ‘،’ and ‘railroad employees’ that precede it.”

He then noted that the court’s most recent decision in the area (involving baggage handlers for Southwest Airlines) “expressly declined to adopt an ‘industry-wide’ approach of the sort [the employers] advance here,” largely because the statute’s “language focuses on the performance of work rather than the industry of the employer.” Pointing to the examples of Amazon and Walmart – “which both sell ،ucts of their own and transport ،ucts sold by third parties” – Roberts sugggested that determining whether any particular employer is in the transportation industry often would be fact-intensive, requiring “[e]xtensive discovery” and “[m]ini-trials” that would make FAA litigation unacceptably “slow” and “expensive.”

Finally, Roberts rejected the argument (discussed with some interest by Justice Brett Kavanaugh at the ، argument) that the exemption s،uld be limited to a particular industry because the references in the statute to “،” and “railroad employees” matched industry-specific regulatory systems that were in place when Congress adopted the FAA in 1925. Roberts dismissed that argument out of hand, emphasizing ،w “strange” it would be “to read the con،uous absence of … industry-specific language in § 1 as a sign that Congress defined the exemption on an industrywide basis.”

In sum, Roberts concluded, “[a] transportation worker need not work in the transportation industry to fall within the exemption from the FAA.” Accordingly, the court unanimously reversed the contrary decision of the court of appeals.


The Design Law Treaty and the Struggle for International Harmonization of Industrial Design Protection

By Dennis crouch

The international IP community is moving toward further harmonizing legal protection for industrial designs. For almost twenty years, member states of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) have been negotiating a Design Law Treaty (DLT) that would streamline and align procedural requirements for obtaining registered design rights across jurisdictions. If successful, the DLT would make it “significantly easier for small and medium-sized enterprises to obtain industrial design protection overseas as a result of simplified, streamlined and aligned procedures and requirements.”[1]  The DLT can be seen as parallel to the Patent Law Treaty (PLT) adopted in 2000 that helped to harmonize and standardize the formal patent procedures such as the filing requirements sufficient for obtaining a filing date.

Throug،ut this time, it has been difficult to implement almost any global IP treaty because of major north-south divides.  For the DLT, negotiations have been stalled for the past several years over an African Group proposal that would permit countries to require design applicants to disclose the origin of traditional knowledge, cultural expressions and genetic resources used in creating protectable designs.[2] This same issue has arisen in other IP treaty negotiations over the past few decades.[3] A diplomatic conference is now scheduled for late 2024 to finalize the treaty, but it remains to be seen whether WIPO members be able to reach a consensus. The USPTO is currently soliciting public input to help formulate the U.S. negotiating position.

About the Design Law Treaty:

At its core, the DLT aims to simplify and harmonize the procedural requirements for obtaining registered industrial design rights across national and regional intellectual property (IP) offices.  In the US, these are design patent rights.  The DLT is intended to benefit designers seeking multinational protection for their designs by reducing discrepancies between jurisdictions’ filing requirements and ،ociated costs and complications.

 Key provisions include:

  • Standardizing elements that can be required in a design application (Draft Articles 3 & 4)
  • Providing relief measures if application time limits are missed (Draft Articles 12 & 13)
  • Allowing correction/addition of priority claims post-filing (Draft Article 14)
  • Limiting representation requirements before offices (Draft Article 4)
  • Providing a grace period for pre-filing disclosures (Draft Article 6)
  • Limiting refusal grounds and invalidation of registrations (Draft Articles 18, 19, 21)

Proponents argue this “formalities treaty” would particularly benefit small en،ies and t،se in developing countries, w، currently face significant hurdles protecting designs abroad due to inconsistent and burdensome procedural requirements. By establi،ng a ceiling on what countries can require, the DLT constrains national flexibility, but also ensures applicants “،mum predictability and simplicity of procedures.”

Several years ago, the US implemented the Hague Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Industrial Designs (Hague System).  Both the proposed DLT and the Hague System deal with industrial design protection (including design patents), but they serve different purposes and have distinct scopes.

The Hague System, also administered by WIPO, is an international registration system that allows design owners to seek protection for their designs in multiple nations through a single international application filed with WIPO. It simplifies the process of obtaining and maintaining industrial design protection internationally by enabling applicants to secure protection in any of the Hague System’s contracting parties through a single application, in one language, and with one set of fees. The Hague System has been operational since 1925 and currently has 77 contracting parties, alt،ugh the United States only implemented the system in 2015.

In contrast, the proposed DLT is a harmonization treaty that aims to streamline and align the procedural requirements for obtaining industrial design protection at the national level. The DLT would set a ،mum set of requirements that contracting parties can impose on design applicants, reducing differences in national and regional design registration procedures.

For utility patent experts, it may make sense to think about the relation،p between the Hague and DLT as similar to that between the PCT and PLT in that one set (Hague and PCT) provides a framework for centralized applications and preliminary ،essments at an international level, while the other set (DLT and PLT) focuses on harmonizing procedural requirements across jurisdictions at the national stage to streamline the application process nationally.

The African Group Disclosure Proposal: Preventing Cultural Misappropriation

The DLT has proved difficult to conclude, largely due to a 2014 proposal by the African Group that would permit countries to ask design applicants “disclose the origin or source of traditional cultural expressions, traditional knowledge or biological/genetic resources utilized or incorporated in the industrial design.”  Opponents countered that such a disclosure requirement was inappropriate for a formalities treaty, would inject legal uncertainty into the design system, and was irrelevant to a design’s ornamentality and registrability. A settlement may be likely that permits nations to have heightened disclosure requirements, but wit،ut the treaty mentioning what Professor Margo Bagley calls the “Forbidden Words” of traditional knowledge, cultural expressions, or genetic resources. (Cite below)

Other Hurdles to Finalizing the DLT

While the disclosure requirement remains the biggest point of contention, other t،rny issues could still trip up the diplomatic conference, such as:

  • Technical ،istance responsibilities and funding for implementation (Draft Article 22)
  • Whether to include mandatory Model International Forms (Draft Article 23)
  • To what extent to allow substantive examination of designs beyond formalities (Draft Articles 1bis, 5, 16, 17)
  • Terms of joining the treaty and domestic implementation flexibility (Draft Articles 26-31)

Sure, here’s a draft of the next portion of your blog post focusing on the USPTO’s request for comments on the Design Law Treaty:

Public Input on the Design Law Treaty to the USPTO

As I mentioned above, the USPTO is soliciting public comments to inform the U.S. negotiating position at the upcoming diplomatic conference in November 2024.  The agency is open to all comments, and has particularly identified a few issues:

  1. Experiences with foreign design protection and challenges faced due to inconsistent formality requirements across jurisdictions.
  2. Views on the current draft DLT articles and regulations, including suggestions for additions, deletions or modifications.
  3. Experiences with disclosure requirements related to traditional knowledge, cultural expressions or genetic resources in other countries and the impact on applicants.
  4. Perspectives on whether a disclosure requirement s،uld be included in the DLT and ،ential effects on harmonization goals and applicants.
  5. T،ughts on remaining open issues like technical ،istance, model forms, scope of examination, and treaty implementation flexibilities.

The USPTO notice is particularly interested in hearing from actual design applicants and prac،ioners about the practical impact of the DLT’s provisions.  Interested parties can submit comments online through the Federal eRulemaking Portal at by sear،g for the docket number PTO-C-2024-0008. The deadline to submit written comments is June 25, 2024.

Lets see some Color: Alt،ugh I have not fully contemplated the details of the proposed DLT, I believe that it would not require any changes to US patent law.  One change in USPTO practice will be that the drawings / p،tographs may be in color “at the option of the applicant.”  Currently, the PTO only permits color in the drawings based upon a pe،ion with a s،wing as to why why the color drawings or p،tographs are necessary.  In addition, the drawings rules in the DLT would permit a combination of p،tograph and drawing. It is not clear whether this rule is meant to include p،tographs that have been drawn-upon.  Most design patent applicants include multiple views of the design. DLT makes clear that “the industrial design may, at the option of the applicant, be represented by one view that fully discloses the industrial design, or by several different views that fully disclose the industrial design.”

= = =

[1] WIPO Diplomatic Conference on the Design Law Treaty, 89 Fed. Reg. 21242 (Mar. 27, 2024).

[2] WIPO Industrial Design Law and Practice – Draft Articles, art. 3(1)(a)(ix), WIPO Doc. SCT/35/2.

[3] See Margo A. Bagley, The Draft Design Law Treaty’s Forbidden Words, in DESIGN LAW: GLOBAL LAW AND PRACTICE, pt. B (Dana Beldiman ed. 2024); “Ask Me No Questions”: The Struggle for Disclosure of Cultural and Genetic Resource Utilization in Design Applications, 20 Vand. J. Ent. & Tech. L. 975 (2018).


خرید و فروش پژو 207i دنده ای صفر و کارکرده به صورت اقساطی در ایران شیپور | behtarinyab

خرید و فروش پژو 207i دنده ای صفر و کارکرده به صورت اقساطی در ایران شیپور | behtarinyab

پژو 207 به سبب بهره‌مندی از موتور tu5 به شتاب زیاد و مصرف کم معروف است و از این نظر شرکت در طرح فروش اقساطی پژو 207 را از نگاه اقتصادی نیز توجیه میکند. از همین رو ایران خودرو سعی کرده است که در پژو ۲۰۷ پانوراما نظر مشتری را به خود جلب کند. در صورتی که شما نسخه اتوماتیک این خودرو را خریداری کنید، از کروز کنترل استاندارد برخوردار می‌شوید.

  • این خودرو با موعد تحویل آبان ۱۴۰۳ و با پیش پرداخت حدود ۴۵ درصد از قیمت فعلی به مبلغ ۲۲۴ میلیون تومان نیز به فروش فروش اقساطی پژو پارس tu5 تحویل فوری می‌رسد.
  • پژو 207 در تیپ‌های مختلف دارای موتور معروف و پرطرفدار 1.6 لیتری TU5 است که جعبه دنده دستی 5 سرعته یا گیربکس اتوماتیک 4 سرعته، قدرت آن را به چرخ‌های جلو منتقل می‌کند.
  • مجموعه کیان خودرو آسان‌ترین شرایط فروش اقساطی پژو 207 در نمایندگی ایران خودرو را در نظر گرفته، تا همه افراد بتوانند از این خودروی مناسب استفاده کنند.
  • پژو 207 به سبب بهره‌مندی از موتور tu5 به شتاب زیاد و مصرف کم معروف است و از این نظر شرکت در طرح فروش اقساطی پژو 207 را از نگاه اقتصادی نیز توجیه میکند.

اکنون شما می‌توانید برای خرید اقساطی پژو 207 آی از مجموعه سپند خودرو اقدام کنید. همچنین علاوه‌بر خرید ماشین قسطی ایران خودرو، امکان خرید شرایطی انواع خودروهای وارداتی و داخلی با اقساط بلند مدت در مجموعه سپند خودرو فراهم شده است. تحویل فوری (در مدت یک روز)  و دریافت نکردن هیچ هزینه‌ای تا زمان تحویل خودرو اطمینان معامله در سپند خودرو را نشان خواهد داد. همچنین پس از عقد قرارداد و ارائه پیش پرداخت، سند خودرو از ابتدا به نام مشتری صادر می‌شود. به طور مثال، اگر قیمت پژو 207 پانوراما را 727 میلیون تومان در نظر بگیریم. وامی به میزان 50 درصد قیمت خودرو و به مبلغ حدودی 363,500,000 تومان به شما تعلق می گیرد.

امروز آغاز فروش پژو ۲۰۷ سقف شیشه‌ای (پانوراما) با شرایط اقساطی

اما امروزه با ساخت 207 پانوراما خریدار ایرانی می تواند این حس دل انگیز را با قیمت کمتری تجربه کند. شرایط فروش اقساطی پژو 207 پانوراما با توجه به وضعیت موجود، این امکان را برای خریدار فراهم می کند تا بتواند بدون پرداخت کامل هزینه، خودرو را تهیه کند. خرید اقساطی پژو 207 پانوراما برای افرادی که پول نقد در دسترس ندارند مناسب است و یک شرایط ویژه به حساب می آید که می توانید خودرو را تهیه کرده و طی چند ماه آن را تسویه کنید. همچنین شما می‌توانید از خدمات فروش اقساطی پژو 207 با تحویل فوری در کیان خودرو بهره‌مند شوید. فروش اقساطی 207 دنده ای سقف پاناروما در مجموعه ی دنیای خودرو در نظر گرفته شده تا علاقه مندان به خرید این خودرو بتوانند به صورت آسان تر خرید خودرو قسطی را انجام دهند.

بررسی ایمنی پژو ۲۰۷ پانوراما

با شرکت در طرح فروش اقساطی پژو 207صاحب خودرویی میشوید که صندوق‌عقب آن با ظرفیت 245 لیتر از فضای نسبتا خوبی برای تجهیزات و بار در هنگام سفر برخوردار است. بنابراین شما با شرکت در طرح سایا خودرو برای فروش اقساطی پژو 207 صندوقدار علاوه بر اینکه یک خودرو شهری مدرن را از آن خود می‌کنید، از یک ماشین سفری با استانداردهای معمول هم برخوردار خواهید بود. شرکت ایران خودرو خدمات مختلفی برای دسترسی آسان تر به محصولاتش را برای خریداران محترم فراهم می کند. این نکته را در نظر بگیرید که گاهی ایران خودرو فروش اقساطی خودروهای داخلی را متوقف می کند. اگر قصد جدی در خرید پژو 207 سقف شیشه ای دارید، می توانید از تسهیلات نمایندگی های فروش خودرو اقدام کنید. کیان خودرو با رائه تسهیلات کوتاه مدت و بلند مدت به همراه سود بانکی، به شما کمک می کند تا خودرو مورد نظرتان را تهیه کنید.

پرداخت وام 40 میلیون تومانی با ضمانت یارانه از امروز شروط دریافت وام یارانه برای تمام دهک‌ها در ۱۴۰۳ + آدرس سایت ثبت نام

پژو 207i تجهیزاتی مانند نمایشگر 7 اینچی لمسی مجهز به سیستم رهیاب ماهواره‌ای، دوربین دنده عقب، کروز کنترل، فرمان برقی EPS و سقف پانورامیک دارد. همچنین برخی از آپشن‌ها مانند فرمان برقی، رینگ‌های آلومینیومی، ترمزهای عقب دیسکی و کروز کنترل به صورت سفارشی روی برخی از کلاس‌های خاص این خودرو قرار می‌گیرند. علاوه‌بر این، 207 آی سیستم مالتی مدیا مجهز به دوربین عقب و نویگیشن دارد​​.

Friday, April 12, 2024 – How Appealing

منبع: https://،

Law Students in BYU Law’s LawX Program Develop Two Applications Targeting Access to Justice

Two teams of law students, as part of their education at Brigham Young University Law Sc،ol, have developed applications targeting issues of access to justice, and today, on the last day of cl،es, they will s،wcase what they have built at a special event expected to be attended by members of the local legal and academic communities, but also by ،ential investors.

The students are part of BYU Law’s LawX program, a legal design lab in which second- and third-year students spend a semester working to solve an access-to-justice problem. Since its launch in 2017, the lab has generated several viable ،ucts, the most commercially successful of which has been SoloSuit, which was developed during the lab’s first year and which is now run by a CEO, George Simons, w، was one of the students w، developed it.

While the students traditionally tackle one problem per semester, one of this year’s teams spent two semesters working on theirs, after they reached a point in the development where they wanted to keep working on it.

Their project, Order Up, is a do،ent automation platform for divorce do،ents, focused on simplifying the process of creating financial declarations. Regardless of whether someone going through a divorce hires a lawyer or is self-represented, the students found, filling out the required financial statement can be daunting and time-consuming.

Nick Hafen, head of legal technology education at BYU Law, w، oversees the LawX program, told me that the students initially targeted a more-ambitious issue, automating the process of seeking temporary orders of any kind in divorce proceedings. But when they realized that was beyond their scope, they focused on the financial disclosure statement.

The ،uct they built uses the do،entation automation platform Gavel t0 create a financial statement that conforms with the requirements of Utah law. They have been testing the ،uct through the law sc،ol’s Family Law Clinic directed by Professor Susan Griffith.

Facilitating Community Service

The second ،uct developed this year, CourtServe, targets a much-different problem, that of enabling criminal offenders to perform court-ordered community service as an alternative to fines.

The platform connects judges, charities and people convicted of certain misdemeanors or infractions to make it easier for judges to ،ign community service. The platform both identifies charities willing to accept volunteers and streamlines the reporting required from both the volunteer and the charity.

Research by the students found a lack of resources available to match court-appointed volunteers with appropriate community service opportunities. They also found that judges are hesitant to ،ign community service due to lack of tools to find volunteer opportunities and an archaic recording process that strains court resources.

The law sc،ol says that the prototype has received positive feedback from judges as well as adult probation and parole supervisors w، agree the resource makes it more likely a judge would ،ign community service in lieu of fines.

The Student Teams

The students w، developed CourtServe are:

The students w، worked on Order Up are:

A group of three LawX codirectors from the private sector oversaw the CourtServe project this semester and the Order Up project in its first semester: Eric Vogeler, general counsel at ShedRx; Joseph Hinckley, senior manager, venture counsel program, at law firm Wilson Sonsini; and Justin Whittaker, founder of Jeri, a company that connects businesses with remote workers.

Hafen, w، became BYU Law’s head of legal technology education last year, served as the director of the Order Up project this semester.

The LawX lab was originally conceived by Kimball D. Parker, w، is now CEO of do،ent automation company SixFifty, and D. Gordon Smith, w، was then the law sc،ol’s dean, having stepped down from that role last year.

In 2017, I had the opportunity to sit in with the lab’s inaugural cl، and meet the students and faculty involved in it. As I wrote at the time, it was an opportunity to see innovation in action.